### Archives

### Recent blog posts

- A strong form of König’s lemma October 21, 2017
- Prikry forcing may add a Souslin tree June 12, 2016
- The reflection principle $R_2$ May 20, 2016
- Prolific Souslin trees March 17, 2016
- Generalizations of Martin’s Axiom and the well-met condition January 11, 2015
- Many diamonds from just one January 6, 2015
- Happy new jewish year! September 24, 2014
- Square principles April 19, 2014

### Keywords

Commutative cancellative semigroups Square-Brackets Partition Relations super-Souslin tree Prikry-type forcing Weakly compact cardinal weak diamond PFA(S)[S] Axiom R Large Cardinals PFA free Boolean algebra incompactness Antichain Stevo Todorcevic S-Space Cohen real Slim tree Prevalent singular cardinals Nonspecial tree Hedetniemi's conjecture Club Guessing Poset Whitehead Problem Uniformization OCA Martin's Axiom Singular coﬁnality Rado's conjecture very good scale Almost-disjoint famiy HOD xbox Cardinal function Aronszajn tree Minimal Walks Absoluteness Ostaszewski square 20M14 Almost countably chromatic Singular Density Microscopic Approach Sakurai's Bell inequality Jonsson cardinal square principles Shelah's Strong Hypothesis Rainbow sets Fat stationary set Cardinal Invariants diamond star Generalized Clubs middle diamond weak square Luzin set Reduced Power Chang's conjecture 05A17 reflection principles L-space Rock n' Roll Kurepa Hypothesis polarized partition relation Souslin Tree Forcing Axioms Postprocessing function Constructible Universe Parameterized proxy principle Mandelbrot set approachability ideal Foundations Fast club 11P99 Ascent Path Successor of Regular Cardinal Almost Souslin Forcing Singular cardinals combinatorics ccc projective Boolean algebra Distributive tree Knaster Erdos-Hajnal graphs coloring number Hindman's Theorem tensor product graph Universal Sequences b-scale Diamond Partition Relations Hereditarily Lindelöf space P-Ideal Dichotomy Chromatic number stationary hitting Uniformly coherent stationary reflection square Coherent tree sap Small forcing Fodor-type reflection Dushnik-Miller Selective Ultrafilter Successor of Singular Cardinal Non-saturation Erdos Cardinal

# Category Archives: Expository

## Prolific Souslin trees

In a paper from 1971, Erdos and Hajnal asked whether (assuming CH) every coloring witnessing $\aleph_1\nrightarrow[\aleph_1]^2_3$ has a rainbow triangle. The negative solution was given in a 1975 paper by Shelah, and the proof and relevant definitions may be found … Continue reading

Posted in Blog, Expository
Tagged Rainbow sets, Souslin Tree, Square-Brackets Partition Relations
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## Generalizations of Martin’s Axiom and the well-met condition

Recall that Martin’s Axiom asserts that for every partial order $\mathbb P$ satisfying c.c.c., and for any family $\mathcal D$ of $<2^{\aleph_0}$ many dense subsets of $\mathbb P$, there exists a directed subset $G$ of $\mathbb P$ such that $G\cap … Continue reading

## Many diamonds from just one

Recall Jensen’s diamond principle over a stationary subset $S$ of a regular uncountable cardinal $\kappa$: there exists a sequence $\langle A_\alpha\mid \alpha\in S \rangle$ such that $\{\alpha\in S\mid A\cap\alpha=A_\alpha\}$ is stationary for every $A\subseteq\kappa$. Equivalently, there exists a sequence $\langle … Continue reading

## Square principles

Since the birth of Jensen’s original Square principle, many variations of the principle were introduced and intensively studied. Asaf Karagila suggested me today to put some order into all of these principles. Here is a trial. Definition. A square principle … Continue reading

## Partitioning the club guessing

In a recent paper, I am making use of the following fact. Theorem (Shelah, 1997). Suppose that $\kappa$ is an accessible cardinal (i.e., there exists a cardinal $\theta<\kappa$ such that $2^\theta\ge\kappa)$. Then there exists a sequence $\langle g_\delta:C_\delta\rightarrow\omega\mid \delta\in E^{\kappa^+}_\kappa\rangle$ … Continue reading

## Walk on countable ordinals: the characteristics

In this post, we shall present a few aspects of the method of walk on ordinals (focusing on countable ordinals), record its characteristics, and verify some of their properties. All definitions and results in this post are due to Todorcevic. … Continue reading

## Polychromatic colorings

These are lectures notes of two talks Dani Livne gave in our Infinite Combinatorics seminar. I did not take notes in real-time, hence, all possible mistakes here are due to myself. Recall that a function $f:A\rightarrow B$ is said to … Continue reading

## Syndetic colorings with applications to S and L

Notation. Write $\mathcal Q(A):=\{ a\subseteq A\mid a\text{ is finite}, a\neq\emptyset\}$. Definition. An L-space is a regular hereditarily Lindelöf topological space which is not hereditarily separable. Definition. We say that a coloring $c:[\omega_1]^2\rightarrow\omega$ is L-syndetic if the following holds. For every uncountable … Continue reading

## Open coloring and the cardinal invariant $\mathfrak b$

Nik Weaver asked for a direct proof of the fact that Todorcevic’s axiom implies the failure of CH fails. Here goes. Notation. For a set $X$, we write $[X]^2$ for the set of unordered pairs $\{ \{x,x’\}\mid x,x’\in X, x\neq … Continue reading

## PFA and the tree property at $\aleph_2$

Recall that a poset $\langle T,\le\rangle$ is said to be a $\lambda^+$-Aronszajn tree, if it isomorphic to a poset $(\mathcal T,\subseteq)$ of the form: $\emptyset\in \mathcal T\subseteq{}^{<\lambda^+}\lambda$; Write $\mathcal T_\alpha:=\{\sigma\in\mathcal T\mid \text{dom}(\sigma)=\alpha\}$; for all $\alpha<\lambda^+$, $\mathcal T_\alpha$ has size $\le\lambda$, … Continue reading