Category Archives: Open Problems

Prikry forcing may add a Souslin tree

A celebrated theorem of Shelah states that adding a Cohen real introduces a Souslin tree. Are there any other examples of notions of forcing that add a $\kappa$-Souslin tree? and why is this of interest? My motivation comes from a … Continue reading

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Partitioning the club guessing

In a recent paper, I am making use of the following  fact. Theorem (Shelah, 1997). Suppose that $\kappa$ is an accessible cardinal (i.e., there exists a cardinal $\theta<\kappa$ such that $2^\theta\ge\kappa)$. Then there exists a sequence $\langle g_\delta:C_\delta\rightarrow\omega\mid \delta\in E^{\kappa^+}_\kappa\rangle$ … Continue reading

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Syndetic colorings with applications to S and L

Notation. Write $\mathcal Q(A):=\{ a\subseteq A\mid a\text{ is finite}, a\neq\emptyset\}$. Definition. An L-space is a regular hereditarily Lindelöf topological space which is not hereditarily separable. Definition. We say that a coloring $c:[\omega_1]^2\rightarrow\omega$ is L-syndetic if the following holds. For every uncountable … Continue reading

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The S-space problem, and the cardinal invariant $\mathfrak p$

Recall that an $S$-space is a regular hereditarily separable topological space which is not hereditarily Lindelöf. Do they exist? Consistently, yes. However, Szentmiklóssy proved that compact $S$-spaces do not exist, assuming Martin’s Axiom. Pushing this further, Todorcevic later proved that … Continue reading

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Shelah’s approachability ideal (part 2)

In a previous post, we defined Shelah’s approachability ideal $I[\lambda]$. We remind the reader that a subset $S\subseteq\lambda$ is in $I[\lambda]$ iff there exists a collection $\{ \mathcal D_\alpha\mid\alpha<\lambda\}\subseteq\mathcal [\mathcal P(\lambda)]^{<\lambda}$ such that for club many $\delta\in S$, the union … Continue reading

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An inconsistent form of club guessing

In this post, we shall present an answer (due to P. Larson) to a question by A. Primavesi concerning a certain strong form of club guessing. We commence with recalling Shelah’s concept of club guessing. Concept (Shelah). Given a regular … Continue reading

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Dushnik-Miller for regular cardinals (part 1)

This is the first out of a series of posts on the following theorem. Theorem (Erdos-Dushnik-Miller, 1941). For every infinite cardinal $\lambda$, we have: $$\lambda\rightarrow(\lambda,\omega)^2.$$ Namely, for any coloring $c:[\lambda]^2\rightarrow\{0,1\}$ there exists either a subset $A\subseteq \lambda$ of order-type $\lambda$ with … Continue reading

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The order-type of clubs in a square sequence

Recall Jensen’s notion of square: Definition (Jensen): For an infinite cardinal $\lambda$, $\square_\lambda$ asserts the existence of a sequence $\overrightarrow C=\left\langle C_\alpha\mid\alpha\in\text{acc}(\lambda^+)\right\rangle$ such that for every limit $\alpha<\lambda^+$: $C_\alpha$ is a club subset of $\alpha$ of order-type $\le\lambda$; if $\beta\in\text{acc}(C_\alpha)$, … Continue reading

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Jensen’s diamond principle and its relatives

This is chapter 6 in the book Set Theory and Its Applications (ISBN: 0821848127). Abstract: We survey some recent results on the validity of Jensen’s diamond principle at successor cardinals. We also discuss weakening of this principle such as club … Continue reading

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