### Archives

### Recent blog posts

- Prikry forcing may add a Souslin tree June 12, 2016
- The reflection principle $R_2$ May 20, 2016
- Prolific Souslin trees March 17, 2016
- Genearlizations of Martin’s Axiom and the well-met condition January 11, 2015
- Many diamonds from just one January 6, 2015
- Happy new jewish year! September 24, 2014
- Square principles April 19, 2014
- Partitioning the club guessing January 22, 2014

### Keywords

Shelah's Strong Hypothesis xbox HOD ccc approachability ideal Square-Brackets Partition Relations reflection principles Singular cardinals combinatorics Singular coﬁnality Sakurai's Bell inequality Absoluteness PFA S-Space Rainbow sets Almost Souslin Foundations Almost-disjoint famiy Erdos Cardinal stationary hitting Prevalent singular cardinals very good scale Constructible Universe Forcing Axioms projective Boolean algebra Club Guessing Universal Sequences Cohen real Martin's Axiom Antichain Cardinal Invariants Commutative cancellative semigroups Knaster stationary reflection 11P99 incompactness diamond star Fodor-type reflection coloring number tensor product graph Aronszajn tree Small forcing Prikry-type forcing polarized partition relation middle diamond square Hedetniemi's conjecture Ascent Path weak square Chromatic number Whitehead Problem Erdos-Hajnal graphs Fat stationary set Diamond Chang's conjecture Fast club Parameterized proxy principle L-space Singular Density Almost countably chromatic Hereditarily Lindelöf space Stevo Todorcevic Mandelbrot set free Boolean algebra Partition Relations P-Ideal Dichotomy PFA(S)[S] 20M14 Hindman's Theorem Selective Ultrafilter sap b-scale Poset Jonsson cardinal Non-saturation Singular Cofinality Weakly compact cardinal Generalized Clubs Kurepa Hypothesis Slim tree Rock n' Roll OCA Successor of Singular Cardinal Forcing Coherent tree Reduced Power Large Cardinals Microscopic Approach 05D10 Minimal Walks weak diamond Successor of Regular Cardinal Souslin Tree 05A17 Cardinal function Axiom R Uniformization Rado's conjecture Ostaszewski square Dushnik-Miller

# Category Archives: Open Problems

## Prikry forcing may add a Souslin tree

A celebrated theorem of Shelah states that adding a Cohen real introduces a Souslin tree. Are there any other examples of notions of forcing that add a $\kappa$-Souslin tree? and why is this of interest? My motivation comes from a … Continue reading

## Partitioning the club guessing

In a recent paper, I am making use of the following fact. Theorem (Shelah, 1997). Suppose that $\kappa$ is an accessible cardinal (i.e., there exists a cardinal $\theta<\kappa$ such that $2^\theta\ge\kappa)$. Then there exists a sequence $\langle g_\delta:C_\delta\rightarrow\omega\mid \delta\in E^{\kappa^+}_\kappa\rangle$ … Continue reading

## Syndetic colorings with applications to S and L

Notation. Write $\mathcal Q(A):=\{ a\subseteq A\mid a\text{ is finite}, a\neq\emptyset\}$. Definition. An L-space is a regular hereditarily Lindelöf topological space which is not hereditarily separable. Definition. We say that a coloring $c:[\omega_1]^2\rightarrow\omega$ is L-syndetic if the following holds. For every uncountable … Continue reading

## The S-space problem, and the cardinal invariant $\mathfrak p$

Recall that an $S$-space is a regular hereditarily separable topological space which is not hereditarily Lindelöf. Do they exist? Consistently, yes. However, Szentmiklóssy proved that compact $S$-spaces do not exist, assuming Martin’s Axiom. Pushing this further, Todorcevic later proved that … Continue reading

Posted in Blog, Expository, Open Problems
Tagged Hereditarily Lindelöf space, P-Ideal Dichotomy, PFA(S)[S], S-Space
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## Shelah’s approachability ideal (part 2)

In a previous post, we defined Shelah’s approachability ideal $I[\lambda]$. We remind the reader that a subset $S\subseteq\lambda$ is in $I[\lambda]$ iff there exists a collection $\{ \mathcal D_\alpha\mid\alpha<\lambda\}\subseteq\mathcal [\mathcal P(\lambda)]^{<\lambda}$ such that for club many $\delta\in S$, the union … Continue reading

Posted in Blog, Expository, Open Problems
Tagged approachability ideal, Club Guessing
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## An inconsistent form of club guessing

In this post, we shall present an answer (due to P. Larson) to a question by A. Primavesi concerning a certain strong form of club guessing. We commence with recalling Shelah’s concept of club guessing. Concept (Shelah). Given a regular … Continue reading

## Dushnik-Miller for regular cardinals (part 1)

This is the first out of a series of posts on the following theorem. Theorem (Erdos-Dushnik-Miller, 1941). For every infinite cardinal $\lambda$, we have: $$\lambda\rightarrow(\lambda,\omega)^2.$$ Namely, for any coloring $c:[\lambda]^2\rightarrow\{0,1\}$ there exists either a subset $A\subseteq \lambda$ of order-type $\lambda$ with … Continue reading

## The order-type of clubs in a square sequence

Recall Jensen’s notion of square: Definition (Jensen): For an infinite cardinal $\lambda$, $\square_\lambda$ asserts the existence of a sequence $\overrightarrow C=\left\langle C_\alpha\mid\alpha\in\text{acc}(\lambda^+)\right\rangle$ such that for every limit $\alpha<\lambda^+$: $C_\alpha$ is a club subset of $\alpha$ of order-type $\le\lambda$; if $\beta\in\text{acc}(C_\alpha)$, … Continue reading

## Jensen’s diamond principle and its relatives

This is chapter 6 in the book Set Theory and Its Applications (ISBN: 0821848127). Abstract: We survey some recent results on the validity of Jensen’s diamond principle at successor cardinals. We also discuss weakening of this principle such as club … Continue reading